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WORLD BOOK DAY

Quick Facts : World Book Day

  • Date: Apr 23, 2014
  • International
  • Also Called:
  • Celebrations:
World Book Day iImage Credit: PhotoXpress

World Book Day is celebrated every year on April 23. UNESCO undertakes the responsibility of the event. With the help of the event, UNESCO aims to inculcate reading habits among people, especially the youth and highlight the various issues surrounding authors, publishers and other related parties. Since Copyright is a big issue in the world of books and writing, there is always a focus on the issue on the World Book Day. That's why, in many parts of the world, this day is also known as the World Book and Copyright Day.

The first ever World Book Day was celebrated on April 23, 1995. The date as decided by UNESCO as it was also the death and birth anniversary of William Shakespeare, a world famous author. The date also coincided with the death anniversary of Miguel de Cervantes, who was a noted Spanish author. Some other well known authors whose birth or death anniversary falls on this day are Maurice Druon, Josep Pla and Halldor Laxness.

The idea of the day was taken from a Spanish tradition. April 23rd has always been celebrated as "The Rose Day" in Spain. On this day, people exchanged roses for showing their love and support, much like the Valentine's Day. However, in 1926, when Miguel de Cervantes dies on the day, people exchanged books instead of roses in order to commemorate the death of the great author. The tradition continues to this day in Spain and that's from where the idea of the World Book Day came about.

As the name suggests, the focus of the day is on books and writing. Thus, various programs are held by UNESCO to promote reading habits among people. Focus is also on discussing various issues pertaining to the world of authors, publishers, distributors etc. as well as promoting their works and causes.

However, unlike other such days, there are no themes decided as such by UNESCO each year, although there is a specific topic around which programs are organized every year. Apart from that, there are traditions on the day which are specific to some countries. The tradition of exchanging books in Spain has already been talked about. There is also the tradition of organizing a reading marathon spanning two days in Spain, at the end of which an author is given the coveted Miguel de Cervantes prize by the King of Spain. In Sweden, writing competitions are organized across schools and colleges.

In UK as well as Ireland, the day is celebrated on the first Thursday of March instead of April 23. April 23 is the St. George's Day in UK, and hence, to avoid a clash with it, the day has been moved in UK as well as Ireland.

The organizing body of the day, UNESCO, comes with different themes for the day each year. In 2012, the theme of the day was translation. The theme of World Book Day 2012 was decided in order to promote "equitable access of content across regions."

World Book Day Observances

DAY
DATE
HOLIDAY NAME
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International holidays celebrated in year 2014

DAY
DATE
HOLIDAY NAME
  • Wed
  • Jan 01, 2014
  • Sat
  • Jan 04, 2014
  • Sat
  • Jan 11, 2014
  • International Thank-You Day
  • Thu
  • Jan 30, 2014
  • Wed
  • Feb 12, 2014
  • Darwin Day
  • Sat
  • Feb 22, 2014
  • Sat
  • Mar 01, 2014
  • International Day of the Seal
  • Thu
  • Mar 20, 2014
  • World Frog Day
  • Fri
  • Mar 21, 2014
  • World Down Syndrome Day
  • Sat
  • Mar 22, 2014
  • Sun
  • Mar 23, 2014
  • World Meteorological Day
  • Sat
  • Mar 29, 2014
  • Wed
  • Apr 02, 2014
  • International Children’s Book Day
  • Mon
  • Apr 07, 2014
  • Sat
  • Apr 12, 2014
  • Yuri's Night
  • Mon
  • Apr 21, 2014
  • International Creativity and Innovation Day
  • Tue
  • Apr 22, 2014
  • Wed
  • Apr 23, 2014
  • Fri
  • Apr 25, 2014
  • World Penguin Day
  • Sat
  • May 03, 2014
  • World Press Freedom Day
  • Mon
  • May 05, 2014
  • International Midwives Day
  • Thu
  • May 08, 2014
  • Sat
  • May 10, 2014
  • World Lupus Day
  • Mon
  • May 12, 2014
  • International Nurses Day
  • Tue
  • May 13, 2014
  • IEEE Global Engineering Day
  • Thu
  • May 15, 2014
  • International Day of Families
  • Sun
  • May 18, 2014
  • International Museum Day
  • Wed
  • May 21, 2014
  • World Day for Cultural Diversity
  • Thu
  • May 22, 2014
  • International Day for Biological Diversity
  • Fri
  • May 23, 2014
  • World Turtle Day
  • Sat
  • May 24, 2014
  • World Schizophrenia Day
  • Sun
  • May 25, 2014
  • Towel Day
  • Sat
  • May 31, 2014
  • Sun
  • Jun 08, 2014
  • Sat
  • Jun 14, 2014
  • Mon
  • Jun 16, 2014
  • International Day of the African Child
  • Tue
  • Jun 17, 2014
  • World Day to Combat Desertification & Drought
  • Fri
  • Jun 20, 2014
  • World Refugee Day
  • Fri
  • Jul 11, 2014
  • Wed
  • Jul 16, 2014
  • Fri
  • Aug 08, 2014
  • Universal & International Infinity Day
  • Sat
  • Aug 09, 2014
  • International Day of the World’s Indigenous People
  • Sun
  • Aug 10, 2014
  • International Biodiesel Day
  • Wed
  • Aug 13, 2014
  • International Lefthanders Day
  • Thu
  • Aug 14, 2014
  • Sat
  • Aug 23, 2014
  • International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade & its Abolition
  • Mon
  • Sep 15, 2014
  • Software Freedom Day
  • Tue
  • Sep 16, 2014
  • International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
  • Fri
  • Sep 19, 2014
  • Talk Like a Pirate Day
  • Sun
  • Sep 21, 2014
  • World Gratitude Day
  • Mon
  • Sep 22, 2014
  • World Car-Free Day
  • Mon
  • Sep 29, 2014
  • Thu
  • Oct 02, 2014
  • Fri
  • Oct 03, 2014
  • World Temperance Day
  • Sat
  • Oct 04, 2014
  • Sun
  • Oct 05, 2014
  • Fri
  • Oct 10, 2014
  • World Mental Health Day
  • Thu
  • Oct 16, 2014
  • Fri
  • Oct 17, 2014
  • International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
  • Fri
  • Oct 24, 2014
  • Sat
  • Nov 08, 2014
  • World Town Planning Day
  • Sun
  • Nov 16, 2014
  • International Day for Tolerance
  • Fri
  • Nov 21, 2014
  • Sun
  • Nov 30, 2014
  • International Computer Security Day
  • Mon
  • Dec 01, 2014
  • Tue
  • Dec 02, 2014
  • International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
  • Fri
  • Dec 05, 2014
  • International Volunteers Day
  • Sun
  • Dec 07, 2014
  • International Civil Aviation Day
  • Wed
  • Dec 10, 2014