National Foundation Day (Japan)

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Quick Facts : National Foundation Day (Japan)

Date: Feb 11, 2014 Type: National Also Called: kenkoku kinen-no-hi
Celebrations: Raising of Japanese National Flags

National Foundation Day (Japan)

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The National Foundation Day is a public holiday in Japan and is celebrated every year on 11th February. The day is celebrated to commemorate the formation of the nation and also for the establishment of the imperial line by the first Japanese ruler, Jimmu.

The day originally coincided with the New Year’s Day according to the Chinese calendar and it is believed that Emperor Jimmu took the throne on this day. According to the Gregorian calendar, the day fell on January 29, which is the date when the festival was originally celebrated. It was then called the Empire Day. It was in 1873 that the Japanese Government decided to shift the day to 11th February, in order to make people realize the importance of the Foundation Day. The government did not disclose the exact calculations used but propagated this day as the day when Jimmu took to the throne.

The National Flag is raised which is followed by a speech by the Prime Minister of Japan. In the era before the Second World War, this day was celebrated with a great passion. After the abolishment and the re-establishment of this day, there is no grandeur associated with the day. The schools and offices in Japan remain closed on this day and people often restrict themselves indoors.

No grand parades or ceremonies are organized on the National Foundation Day of Japan. Although people can be seen waving the Japanese flags. The day is largely seen as one with only political significance. It was on this day in 1946 that the model Constitution was approved by General McArthur.


National Foundation Day (Japan) Observances

Day Year Date Holiday Name
Wed2009Feb 11National Foundation Day
Thu2010Feb 11National Foundation Day
Fri2011Feb 11National Foundation Day
Sat2012Feb 11National Foundation Day
Mon2013Feb 11National Foundation Day
Tue2014Feb 11National Foundation Day

Japan holidays celebrated in year 2014

Day Year Date Holiday Name
Wed2014Jan 01New Year's Day
Mon2014Jan 13Coming of Age Day
Tue2014Feb 11National Foundation Day
Fri2014Mar 21Spring Equinox
Tue2014Apr 29Showa Day
Sat2014May 03Constitution Memorial Day
Sun2014May 04Greenery Day & National Holiday
Mon2014May 05Children's Day
Sun2014Jul 13Festival of Souls (Obon)
Mon2014Jul 14Sea Day
Mon2014Sep 15Respect for the Aged Day
Tue2014Sep 23Autumn Equinox Day
Mon2014Oct 13Sports Day
Mon2014Nov 03Culture Day
Mon2014Nov 24Labor Thanksgiving Day
Tue2014Dec 23Emperor's Birthday
Thu2014Dec 25Christmas Day
Wed2014Dec 31Omisoka
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