Sikh Festivals and Sikh Religious Calendar
It is believed that Sikhism is originated in Punjab, which is now in India and Pakistan during 16th century. Now more than 20 million people follow Sikhism worldwide, mostly staying in India. Sikhism is recognized as one of the youngest religions in the world.
Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak and his nine successors (considered as ten Gurus of Sikhism). Guru Nanak was born in the year of 1469. He spreads a simple message “Ek Onkar” means “We are all one, with the One Creator of all Creation”. Guru Nanak's students were known as Sikhs, the word “Sikh” means "seeker of truth". The scripture of the Sikhs is known as “Sri Guru Granth Sahib” considered as their living Guru, the hymns of the Gurus they refer are known as Gurbani, and their place of worship is known as “Gurudwara”.
The Ten Gurus of Sikhism are Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan, Guru Har Gobind, Guru Har Rai, Guru Har Krishan, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh.
The Noble teachings of Sikhism are:
- There is only one God and the name of the God is Truth
- Recognize inner truth through meditation and chanting
- Live a simple and honest life
- Treat everyone equally
- Serve others